Impact of the policy on academic publication

Will this policy damage journals, scientific societies, small publishers or refereeing?

There is no empirical proof that journals are closed, even when all articles are freely available. The main companies in the field of physics have no impact on their publishing programmes, in spite of the fact that for more than 10 years, almost all the literature on High Energy Physics written in the same period has been made available in an open access archive (arXiv). Journals will still be necessary for their added value services, such as logistic peer review, copy editing, and website maintenance.

Will this policy damage those who need to publish their work in high quality journals?

The possibility of requesting a waiver to participating in the policy also serves to protect authors who need to publish in certain journals.

How will this policy influence other universities, in particular the small ones?

Many universities are moving towards Open Access. We expect similar polices will be adopted by several universities, the general climate for scientific communication will improve, to the benefit of all high education institutes. Smaller universities may not have the resources to build their own repositories, but shared repositories are beginning to be available for such cases.

What does the Politecnico di Milano expect from this Policy?

The policy should increase the impact of Politecnico di Milano's research, making it more widely available and visible. Studies show a great advantage of citation for open access articles, that go from 45% to over 500%, but restrictive publishing business models limit widespread sharing via heavy conditions in contracts with university libraries and individual authors. For example, many editors ban authors from publishing their work openly on the internet, and publishers commonly "rent" access to their content, placing accessibility at risk after the cancellation of subscriptions. Execution of a systematic search and advanced indexing are forbidden in almost all contracts.

The policy will give Politecnico di Milano the means to negotiate better conditions with publishers, a necessary effort in a context of market consolidation: the five largest journal publishers now hold most than half the total market revenue, and over the last 15 years, the price of scientific journals has increased three times faster than the Consumer Price Index.