Citations and Copyright

Referencing styles

The citation is compulsory to avoid plagiarism (Law n. 633/1941 and modifications, regarding "diritto d'autore"). 

Bibliographic citations are used to cite documents (volumes, articles or other texts) referred to in another document. Citations have to be edited in a specific standard named referencing style.
A particular style has to be settled in every publication. You have to apply it consistently throughout the work for the in-text quotations and for the bibliography.
There are different types of international referencing styles that can be used, usually  differenced for disciplines.

Author-date system: used in scientific area
References are placed in the text (Author, Date) not in footnotes, and there is an alphabetical list of references (by author name) in the Bibliography.
This style includes APA, Harvard and MLA (and the author-date version of Chicago).

Numbered system: used in the arts and humanities
References are placed in a numerical list with the bibliographic citation in Footnotes and in Bibliography. Some numbered-system styles do not include Notes.
This style includes Chicago A style, Vancouver style.

If you are not sure which style to use, check with your professor.
Researchers submitting a paper for publication in a journal should check the journal's Instructions for Authors, which will normally be available on the journal's website.

For further information consult the guide Citing sources to avoid plagiarism


Management of personal bibliographies: Refworks

Software RefWork is available to help you format your references correctly. Reference management software can be used to store your references and to correctly cite material in your work. 

For further information, see RefWorks.
RefWorks Tutorial